10.5 - Unresolved Global Conflict 1914-1945

From EngageNY

World War I and World War II led to geopolitical changes, human and environmental devastation, and attempts to bring stability and peace.

International competition, fueled by nationalism, imperialism, and militarism along with shifts in the balance of power and alliances, led to world wars.
  • Students will compare and contrast long- and short-term causes and effects of World War I and World War II.
10.5b Technological developments increased the extent of damage and casualties in both World War I and World War II.
  • Students will compare and contrast the technologies utilized in both World War I and World War II, noting the human and environmental devastation.
10.5c The devastation of the world wars and use of total war led people to explore ways to prevent future world wars.
  • Students will examine international efforts to work together to build stability and peace, including Wilson’s Fourteen Points, the Treaty of Versailles, the League of Nations, and the United Nations.
10.5d Nationalism and ideology played a significant role in shaping the period between the world wars.
  • Students will examine the Russian Revolution and the development of Soviet ideology and nationalism under Lenin and Stalin.
  • Students will examine the role of nationalism and the development of the National Socialist state under Hitler in Germany.
  • Students will examine the role of nationalism and militarism in Japan.
  • Students will investigate the causes of the Great Depression and its influence on the rise of totalitarian dictators and determine the common characteristics of these dictators.
10.5e Human atrocities and mass murders occurred in this time period.
  • Students will examine the atrocities against the Armenians; examine the Ukrainian Holodomor, and examine the Holocaust.

Supporting Materials



The players in the game take on the roles of Churchill, Roosevelt, or Stalin as they maneuver against each over the course of 10 Conferences that determine who will lead the Allied forces, where those forces will be deployed, and how the Axis will be defeated. The player whose forces...



At the turn of the 20th century, the seven Great European Powers engage in an intricate struggle for supremacy. Military forces invade and withdraw, shifting borders and altering empires with subtle maneuvers and daring gambits.
Form alliances and unhatch your traitorous plots as you...


Espana 1936

It’s 1936.  While the rest of Europe is about to be hurled into a devastating era, a longstanding conflict in Spain begins to boil over into a bloody civil war.  Unusual alliances form as Anarchists, Fascists, Communists, Monarchists, Arabs, Germans and Italians all take part in the division of...

Learn more on Engage NY

EngageNY.org is developed and maintained by the New York State Education Department (NYSED) to support the implementation of key aspects of the New York State Board of Regents Reform Agenda.

This is the official web site for current materials and resources related to the Regents Reform Agenda. The agenda includes the implementation of the New York State P-12 Common Core Learning Standards (CCLS), Teacher and Leader Effectiveness (TLE), and Data-Driven Instruction (DDI). EngageNY.org is dedicated to providing educators across New York State with real-time, professional learning tools and resources to support educators in reaching the State’s vision for a college and career ready education for all students.