10.9 - Globalization and Changing Environment

From EngageNY

Technological changes have resulted in a more interconnected world, affecting economic and political relations and in some cases leading to conflict and in others to efforts to cooperate. Globalization and population pressures have led to strains on the environment.

Technological changes in communication and transportation systems allow for instantaneous interconnections and new networks of exchange between people and places that have lessened the effects of time and distance.
  • Students will explore how information is accessed, exchanged, and controlled and how business is conducted in light of changing technology.
  • Students will investigate the causes and effects of, and responses to, one infectious disease (e.g., malaria, HIV/AIDS).
10.9b Globalization is contentious, supported by some and criticized by others.
  • Students will compare and contrast arguments supporting and criticizing globalization by examining concerns including:
                        • free market, export-oriented economies vs. localized, sustainable activities
                        • development of a mixed economy in China and China’s role in the global economy
                        • multinational corporations and cartels (e.g., Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries)
                        • roles of the World Trade Organization, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and microfinance institutions
                        • economic growth and economic downturns (e.g., recession, depression) on a national and a global scale
                        • economic development and inequality (e.g., access to water, food, education, health care, energy)
                        • migration and labor
                        • ethnic diversity vs. homogenization (e.g., shopping malls, fast food franchises, language, popular culture)
10.9c Population pressures, industrialization, and urbanization have increased demands for limited natural resources and food resources, often straining the environment.
  • Students will examine how the world’s population is growing exponentially for numerous reasons and how it is not evenly distributed.
  • Students will explore efforts to increase and intensify food production through industrial agriculture (e.g., Green Revolutions, use of fertilizers and pesticides, irrigation, and genetic modifications).
  • Students will examine strains on the environment, such as threats to wildlife and degradation of the physical environment (i.e., desertification, deforestation and pollution) due to population growth, industrialization, and urbanization.
10.9d Globalization has created new possibilities for international cooperation and for international conflict.
  • Students will examine the roles of the United Nations (UN), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the European Union, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and efforts to build coalitions to promote international cooperation to address conflicts and issues. They will also examine the extent to which these efforts were successful.
  • Students will investigate one organization and one international action that sought to provide solutions to environmental issues, including the Kyoto Protocol.
  • Students will examine threats to global security, such as international trade in weapons (e.g., chemical, biological, and nuclear), nuclear proliferation, cyber war, and terrorism, including a discussion of the events of September 11, 2001.

Supporting Materials


Cardline: Globetrotter

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The game includes approximately 100 cards. Both sides of each card depict a country, while only one side of the card includes information...


Power Grid

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EngageNY.org is developed and maintained by the New York State Education Department (NYSED) to support the implementation of key aspects of the New York State Board of Regents Reform Agenda.

This is the official web site for current materials and resources related to the Regents Reform Agenda. The agenda includes the implementation of the New York State P-12 Common Core Learning Standards (CCLS), Teacher and Leader Effectiveness (TLE), and Data-Driven Instruction (DDI). EngageNY.org is dedicated to providing educators across New York State with real-time, professional learning tools and resources to support educators in reaching the State’s vision for a college and career ready education for all students.