Phoenicians: The Alphabet and Carthage's Hannibal

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The Phoenicians did not create an empire, but several city-states such as Byblos and Carthage. They were very successful seafaring traders.  Their most influential legacy is the creation of a simple alphabet for business transactions. Its structure was adopted by the Greeks, Romans, and other Western languages, including English. Eventually, though, Carthage’s Hannibal challenged the Romans for supremacy over the Mediterranean, and lost everything.

Aligns with McDougal Littell’s World History: Ancient and Classical Greece, The World of Ancient Rome; and World History: Patterns of Interaction: People & Ideas on the Move.

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