Social Studies

Social Studies (X) - Middle (X) - Professional (X) - Civics and Government (X)

End of Track | Introduction

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End of Track is the story of the Transcontinental Railroad's construction march across southern Wyoming and the growing pains of a state in its infancy. It's a story of incredible engineering achievements, a story of greed and corruption, and a clash cultures. But it's also a story of hope.

Rosa Parks

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This interview with civil rights activist Rosa Parks describes her role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott. On December 1, 1955, Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. Her refusal sparked a massive bus boycott that lasted 381 days, ending on December 21, 1956, after the United States Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation on city buses was unconstitutional.

A Class Divided 1: The Daring Lesson

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When the Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. was murdered in April 1968, Jane Elliott taught her third-grade class a daring lesson in discrimination. The third time she taught the lesson, cameras were present.In this video segment from FRONTLINE: "A Class Divided,"Elliott divides her class into two groups — those with blue eyes and those with brown eyes — and discriminates against those with brown eyes.

A Class Divided 2: Day Two

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When the Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. was murdered in April 1968,Jane Elliott taught her third-grade class a daring lesson in discrimination. The third time she taught the lesson, cameras were present.In this video segment from FRONTLINE: "A Class Divided,"Elliott changes the rules, and discriminates against students with blue eyes.

Mendez v. Westminster: Desegregating California's Schools

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In 1946, eight years before the landmark Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education, Mexican Americans in Orange County, California won a class action lawsuit to dismantle the segregated school system that existed there. In this video segment, Sylvia Mendez recalls the conditions that triggered the lawsuit and her parents' involvement in the case.

Breaking the Gender Barrier in Little League, 1974

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Ten-year-old Janine Cinseruli, her mother, her brother, and some neighborhood boys answer questions about whether girls should be allowed to play Little League baseball in this 1974 archival news footage from the WCVB Collection, Northeast Historic Film. Janine says most boys don’t care if girls play baseball as long as they’re good at it. The boys interviewed say they agree but express concerns about physical contact with female players. Janine’s mother, who helped Janine file a complaint that ultimately led to a court case, says her daughter has been practicing with boys for years and should be allowed to play.

This video is primary source footage and is presented as originally recorded.

End of Track | Quick Build

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The first series of tracks were not built to last, speed was of the essence. Because of this, along with equipment failure and human error there were sometimes disastrous consequences.

Washington Booker, III

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In May of 1963, black elementary, middle, and high school students inBirmingham left school to participate in a four-day civil rightsdemonstration. Washington Booker was among approximately 2,000 studentswho were arrested and jailed for their part in what came to be known asthe Children's Crusade. In this interview, Booker describes his experience.

Stephanie Murphy - US Congresswoman l Vietnamese Orlando

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Vietnamese immigrant and Central Florida resident, U.S. Congresswoman Stephanie Murphy, shares the story of her path to the American dream.

A Country Preacher: Rev. De Laine

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Clarendon County, South Carolina Reverend Joseph De Laine encouraged local families to join the class action lawsuit Briggs v. Elliot, the first to challenge public school segregation. In this video segment, Joseph De Laine, Jr. and Ophelia De Laine Gona remember their father's role in the controversial school desegregation lawsuit.

Reconstruction and Black Education

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Before the Civil War, most southern states made it illegal to educate slaves, but many enslaved people did learn to read and write. During the post-Civil War Reconstruction era, the number of schools and the literacy rate for African Americans increased dramatically. This mini-documentary, produced for the American Experience: "Reconstruction" Web site, follows the development of schools for African Americans as well as the resistance it sparked.

Sheyann Webb

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Eight-year-old Sheyann Webb was among the youngest activists to demonstrate during the Civil Rights movement. In this interview, Webb recalls her decision to participate in the 1965 voting-rights march from Selma, Alabama, the resistance she encountered from her parents, and the violent force used by local officials to stop the march.

Translator

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Discover this global career path that requires two or more languages - and see if it speaks YOUR language.

See the Lab Squad kids’ report for this career in Support Materials +

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