U.S. History

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Sanford Naval Air Station | Central Florida Roadtrip

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In the early years, the Sanford area was mostly agricultural. But that all changed in the 1940’s, with the threat of war on the horizon.

Miriam McClendon

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Miriam McClendon was 14 years old when she became involved in the Civil Rights Movement in Birmingham, Alabama. In this video segment, McClendon describes how she left school to participate in the Children's Crusade of 1963 and was then arrested and jailed for several days.

Learning to be Nipmuc

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Meet Keely, a young girl who feels that her identity as a Nipmuc Indian is weakened because there is no strong Nipmuc community around her, in these video segments adapted from AMERICAN EXPERIENCE: “We Shall Remain.” The video that Keely made as a young girl when she felt discouraged is countered by her positive thoughts about identity and symbolism when she is in high school.

Ben Hall of Sapelo Island

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This video segment from Egg: the arts show presents a glimpse of the last island-based Gullah/Geechee community located on Sapelo Island. The original Gullah/Geechee people were slaves. When slavery was abolished, the island was abandoned to the slaves. Ben Hall of the Sapelo Island Cultural and Revitalization Society speaks of his pride for the island and community. We learn the island is made up of some of the most valuable real estate in America, but its inhabitants have resisted the sort of development that has captured the other coastal islands off the shores of Georgia and South Carolina. For more about Sapelo Island, see "Ronald Johnson of Sapelo Island" and "Frankie Quimby of Sapelo Island."

Audrey Hendricks

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In 1963, at the age of nine, Audrey Hendricks left school and joined more than 2,000 students in a Birmingham demonstration that came to beknown as the Children's Crusade. In this interview, Hendricks recalls her participation and arrest.

Segregated Schooling in South Carolina

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In 1950, a group of black parents in Clarendon County, South Carolina filed a lawsuit to equalize education for their children. Encouraged by the NAACP and a local minister, the Reverend Joseph Armstrong De Laine, the case became part of the landmark 1954 Brown v. Board of Education ruling. In this video segment, the Reverend De Laine's children, Joseph De Laine Jr. and Ophelia De Laine Gona, recall conditions in their segregated school.

The First Official Thanksgiving

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The First Official Thanksgiving offers evidence that the story of the Pilgrims having the First Thanksgiving is more myth than historical fact.

Cowpens: A Brilliant Victory | The Southern Campaign

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General Daniel Morgan’s battle plan at Cowpens was considered a masterpiece of military strategy and tactics. In Fall of 1780, General Nathaniel Greene sent a portion of his men under Morgan to fight the British in western South Carolina. 

In response, Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton was sent to chase after Morgan's army. Tarleton met Morgan's men on January 17, 1781 at the Battle of Cowpens.

Morgan learned a lot from the mistakes of Waxhaws and Camden. Because he understood his troops’ capabilities and the landscape of the battlefield, he was able to layout a plan that would change the entire plan of the Southern Campaign.

Sanford Zoo | Central Florida Roadtrip

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Most of us are familiar with the Central Florida Zoo in Sanford, but what you may not know is that it all got started in the Old Sanford Fire Department.

Walt Disney l Central Florida Roadtrip

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Interstate I-4 stretches from Tampa to Daytona Beach, and cuts right through the heart of downtown Orlando and completed back in 1967. That I-4 completion was very timely, because In the mid-1960s, a man named Disney changed Orlando’s future forever.

Jay Barbree - Space Reporter | Central Florida Roadtrip

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NASA and the space program in the Cocoa Beach area has been around since the 1950’s and one reporter has been there to witness it all, first-hand. For almost six decades now, Jay Barbree has been keeping us all informed about what’s going on at the Cape.

Space Race | Central Florida Roadtrip

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It was the nation’s Space program in the 1950’s that set Cocoa Beach, and in fact most of Brevard County, on the road to unprecedented growth. The space industry weaved its way into every aspect of life in Cocoa Beach.

Rosa Parks

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This interview with civil rights activist Rosa Parks describes her role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott. On December 1, 1955, Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. Her refusal sparked a massive bus boycott that lasted 381 days, ending on December 21, 1956, after the United States Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation on city buses was unconstitutional.

A Class Divided 1: The Daring Lesson

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When the Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. was murdered in April 1968, Jane Elliott taught her third-grade class a daring lesson in discrimination. The third time she taught the lesson, cameras were present.In this video segment from FRONTLINE: "A Class Divided,"Elliott divides her class into two groups — those with blue eyes and those with brown eyes — and discriminates against those with brown eyes.

Ronald Johnson of Sapelo Island

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This video segment from Egg: The Arts Show presents a glimpse of the last island-based Gullah/Geechee community located on Sapelo Island.The original Gullah/Geechee people were slaves. When slavery was abolished, the island was abandoned to the slaves. Ronald Johnson of the Sapelo Island Cultural and Revitalization Society speaks of his pride for the island community and the importance of preserving the Gullah/Geechee culture. A festival is held each year to bring people to the island to learn about the culture and foster interest in preserving the culture. For more about Sapelo Island, see "Ben Hall of Sapelo Island" and "Frankie Quimby of Sapelo Island".

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