U.S. History

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A Class Divided 2: Day Two

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When the Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. was murdered in April 1968,Jane Elliott taught her third-grade class a daring lesson in discrimination. The third time she taught the lesson, cameras were present.In this video segment from FRONTLINE: "A Class Divided,"Elliott changes the rules, and discriminates against students with blue eyes.

Mendez v. Westminster: Desegregating California's Schools

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In 1946, eight years before the landmark Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education, Mexican Americans in Orange County, California won a class action lawsuit to dismantle the segregated school system that existed there. In this video segment, Sylvia Mendez recalls the conditions that triggered the lawsuit and her parents' involvement in the case.

Ninety Six: End Game | The Southern Campaign

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Ninety Six was a small frontier town near Greenwood, South Carolina—an essential part of the geography of British strongholds designed to seal off Charleston and the low country from French, Spanish, and Indian attack. At the “Star Fort” in Ninety Six, a band of Loyalists held their ground, waiting to see what would happen.  

On May 21, 1781, General Greene and approximately a thousand troops marched south towards Ninety-Six, to lay siege to the Star Fort.  It is was the longest field siege of The American Revolution. It lasted 28 days.

Kings Mountain: The Turn of the Tide of Success | The Southern Campaign

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Kings Mountain is a rocky wooded hill on the border of North and South Carolina. On October 7, 1780, a thousand Patriots surrounded and attacked the British troops and Loyalist soldiers. This battle would become a major victory and turn the tide for the Patriots.

Florida Footprints | Once Upon Anhaica (1513-1704)

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Before there was Tallahassee, there was Anhaica. This WFSU-TV documentary looks at the Big Bend area when the first European explorers arrived at Anhaica, the capital of the Apalachee people. From the culture of the Apalachee to the creation of Spanish missions to the community we know today, it all began "Once Upon Anhaica". 

Breaking the Gender Barrier in Little League, 1974

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Ten-year-old Janine Cinseruli, her mother, her brother, and some neighborhood boys answer questions about whether girls should be allowed to play Little League baseball in this 1974 archival news footage from the WCVB Collection, Northeast Historic Film. Janine says most boys don’t care if girls play baseball as long as they’re good at it. The boys interviewed say they agree but express concerns about physical contact with female players. Janine’s mother, who helped Janine file a complaint that ultimately led to a court case, says her daughter has been practicing with boys for years and should be allowed to play.

This video is primary source footage and is presented as originally recorded.

Sanford History | Central Florida Roadtrip

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Known as the "Historic Waterfront Gateway City," Sanford sits on the southern shore of Lake Monroe, a major port on the St. Johns River and has played a major role in helping shape Central and South Florida's history.

Chester Arthur - Kissimmee | Central Florida Roadtrip

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The first president to visit Kissimmee was Chester A. Arthur, who claimed to have found the best fishing spot in the world right here in Osceola County.

Mills 50: Tien Hung Market l Vietnamese Orlando

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In the heart of Central Orlando is the Vietnamese Business District at Mills 50. One of the cornerstones is the Tien Hung Market, run by three generations of the Phan family. Explore how cultural traditions bind this community since fleeing Vietnam.  

Cocoa Beach History | Central Florida Roadtrip

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Cocoa Beach was known as “Missiletown USA” in the 50’s and 60’s because of its proximity to the space center. In the mid-20the century, Cocoa Beach was built around one industry, the American space program, but settlers have actually lived there since the late 1500’s.

Washington Booker, III

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In May of 1963, black elementary, middle, and high school students inBirmingham left school to participate in a four-day civil rightsdemonstration. Washington Booker was among approximately 2,000 studentswho were arrested and jailed for their part in what came to be known asthe Children's Crusade. In this interview, Booker describes his experience.

Simon Kenton | Kentucky Chautauqua

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Mel Hankla presents frontiersman Simon Kenton.

Wells' Built Museum | Central Florida Roadtrip

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In the shadow of the Amway Center in downtown Orlando, sits the Wells' Built Museum of African American history and Culture.  It was originally a hotel, built in 1926, and offered black travelers safe room and board.

Orlando and Ray Charles l Central Florida Roadtrip

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Originally the Wells Built Museum was a hotel. And one of its most notable visitors was a man named Ray Charles, who got his start performing in the Paramore district of Orlando.

Sanford and Jackie Robinson l Central Florida Roadtrip

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Prior to the New York Giants, Sanford was part of a much different aspect of baseball, as this was supposed to be the place where the color barrier was to be broken in baseball.

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