U.S. History

Professional (X) - High (X) - WGBH (X) - U.S. History (X)

Earth System: Drought and Air Quality

Icon: 
Streaming icon

Droughts claim more victims each year than any other natural disaster. Depending on where it occurs and how long it persists, the cost of a drought can run into the billions of dollars. Droughts cause more than economic hardship, however. As this video segment adapted from NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center demonstrates, droughts have a complex web of impacts that also affect us socially and environmentally.

This video is available in both English and Spanish audio, along with corresponding closed captions.

Galileo on the Moon

Icon: 
Streaming icon

Galileo used thought experiments to test many assumptions, including the notion that heavy objects fall more quickly than lighter objects when they are dropped. Lacking access to either a vacuum chamber or a planetary body that has no atmosphere, he nevertheless correctly predicted that all falling objects would accelerate at the same rate in the absence of air resistance. In this video segment from NASA, astronaut David Scott demonstrates the correctness of Galileo's prediction.

Learning to be Nipmuc

Icon: 
Streaming icon

Meet Keely, a young girl who feels that her identity as a Nipmuc Indian is weakened because there is no strong Nipmuc community around her, in these video segments adapted from AMERICAN EXPERIENCE: “We Shall Remain.” The video that Keely made as a young girl when she felt discouraged is countered by her positive thoughts about identity and symbolism when she is in high school.

Segregated Schooling in South Carolina

Icon: 
Streaming icon

In 1950, a group of black parents in Clarendon County, South Carolina filed a lawsuit to equalize education for their children. Encouraged by the NAACP and a local minister, the Reverend Joseph Armstrong De Laine, the case became part of the landmark 1954 Brown v. Board of Education ruling. In this video segment, the Reverend De Laine's children, Joseph De Laine Jr. and Ophelia De Laine Gona, recall conditions in their segregated school.

Rosa Parks

Icon: 
Streaming icon

This interview with civil rights activist Rosa Parks describes her role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott. On December 1, 1955, Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. Her refusal sparked a massive bus boycott that lasted 381 days, ending on December 21, 1956, after the United States Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation on city buses was unconstitutional.

Mendez v. Westminster: Desegregating California's Schools

Icon: 
Streaming icon

In 1946, eight years before the landmark Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education, Mexican Americans in Orange County, California won a class action lawsuit to dismantle the segregated school system that existed there. In this video segment, Sylvia Mendez recalls the conditions that triggered the lawsuit and her parents' involvement in the case.

A Country Preacher: Rev. De Laine

Icon: 
Streaming icon

Clarendon County, South Carolina Reverend Joseph De Laine encouraged local families to join the class action lawsuit Briggs v. Elliot, the first to challenge public school segregation. In this video segment, Joseph De Laine, Jr. and Ophelia De Laine Gona remember their father's role in the controversial school desegregation lawsuit.