WNET

Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois: The Conflict

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This video from The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow identifies two major leaders in the black community during the era of Jim Crow: Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois. By the turn of the 20th century, Washington was an incredibly popular figure who, among many accomplishments, had become the leader of the Tuskegee Institute and started the National Business League. Washington maintained that African Americans could achieve economic progress and spiritual growth but only by accepting the confines of Jim Crow. Du Bois, on the other hand, attacked Washington’s methodology publicly and emphasized the importance of intellectual rigor and equality for African Americans in all aspects of American life, with no exceptions. Nowhere were his verbal assaults on Washington as strong as in his 1903 book The Souls of Black Folk.

Gideon v. Wainwright

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When Clarence Earl Gideon was arrested for a crime and was not able to afford legal representation, the issue at hand was whether a person without economic resources could defend themselves and win. This video segment explores the landmark case Gideon v. Wainwright and how it ensured that all Americans, regardless of their economic background, received legal representation in a criminal case.

Griswold v. Connecticut

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In 1965, it was illegal in the state of Connecticut to provide contraceptives or offer advice about them, even to married couples. This video follows the landmark Supreme Court case Griswold v. Connecticut, when for the first time the Court tackled what was viewed as a “right to privacy” issue, ruling that Connecticut's ban on the use of contraceptives violated the right to marital privacy.

Ella Baker and the SNCC | The African Americans

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This video from The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross tells the story of Ella Baker, the unsung hero of the civil rights movement who founded the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in 1960.

 

Subjugation of African Americans | The African Americans

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The video from The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross provides an overview of the demonization of African Americans following the Emancipation Proclamation and the propaganda campaign that served to reinforce Jim Crow.

Yom HaShoah

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This video from the PBS series The Story of the Jews highlights Holocaust Remembrance Day, Yom HaShoah, in Israel. In the video, host Simon Schama visits Israel and stands, along with the rest of the country, in silent reflection during the morning siren that rings every year on Yom HaShoah.

A New World Order

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This video from Women, War & Peace explains how the nature of war changed following the end of the Cold War. Large-scale international wars no longer dominate, but instead wars targeting civilians and utilizing small arms are prevalent. Unfortunately, such weapons are difficult to monitor and control and they are thus very dangerous. Women and their dependents are most affected by these wars, and many people believe that in order for successful disarmament, women should play a bigger role in the peace process.

Selma, Alabama: The Role of News Media in the Civil Rights Movement | The African Americans

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The peaceful marchers on the civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama ended with assaults by the state police that were broadcast nationwide by television networks. This video from The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross examines the impact of media coverage on this 54-mile march.

Miranda v. Arizona

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In the landmark case Miranda v. Arizona, the Supreme Court ruled that anyone accused of a crime must be warned about the right to remain silent and the right to an attorney. This video shows how the Miranda decision helped move the country from a state-based criminal justice system to one that has to conform with nationally imposed rules.

The Dreyfus Affair

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This video from the PBS series The Story of the Jews examines the Dreyfus Affair—a trial that began in 1894 that shook the French population and had a lasting impact on Theodor Herzl, an influential Zionist leader. Alfred Dreyfus, a Captain in the French Army, was accused and convicted of sending military secrets to the Germans. As a Jewish officer, he became a convenient scapegoat for a crime another had committed. This event exposed the growing antisemitism in 19th-century France.

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