Cultural Encounters

Phoenicians: The Alphabet and Carthage's Hannibal

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The Phoenicians did not create an empire, but several city-states such as Byblos and Carthage. They were very successful seafaring traders.  Their most influential legacy is the creation of a simple alphabet for business transactions. Its structure was adopted by the Greeks, Romans, and other Western languages, including English.

Grade Level: 
Middle
High
Length: 
00:15
Phoenicians: The Alphabet and Carthage's Hannibal

Minoans: Public Peace & Ritual Violence

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The Minoans, a prosperous, peaceful island people in the Mediterranean region, influenced the Greeks, as seen in the Greek Minotaur and Theseus myth. Minoan art suggests a peaceful life without war, with violence sublimated in their bull-worship rituals. Females seem to have been more influential here than anywhere else in the Ancient World.

Grade Level: 
Middle
High
Length: 
00:15
Minoans: Public Peace & Ritual Violence

Romans: Inclusive Conquest & Loyal Citizens

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The Romans ruthlessly conquered Carthage and the rest of the Mediterranean region, but also gained the allegiance of most of the people they subdued. How? By giving them citizenship and including them in the benefits of empire, best exemplified by one of Rome’s good emperors, Hadrian.

Grade Level: 
Middle
High
Length: 
00:15
Romans: Inclusive Conquest & Loyal Citizens

Connections Across Water (2004)

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How were water routes used as conduits of expansion and trade? The traders of the Indian Ocean, the early Mississippians, and the Norsemen carried death and disease, skills and technologies, philosophies and religion down rivers and across oceans.

Grade Level: 
High
Professional
Length: 
00:28
Connections Across Water

Connections Across Land (2004)

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How were land-based trade routes conduits of both commerce and culture? The Eurasian Silk Roads, the trans-Saharan Gold Roads, and the Meso-American Turquoise Roads trace the transmission of commodities, religions, and diseases, as well as the movements of people.

Grade Level: 
High
Professional
Length: 
00:28
Connections Across Land

Sharing Multicultural Traditions (2006)

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This series features Emily, a dynamic, six year old host, who leads children and adults alike through a new era of discovery utilizing her unique perspective.

Grade Level: 
Primary
Length: 
00:30
Sharing Multicultural Traditions

Mapping Initial Encounters (2007)

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Columbus’s arrival launched an era of initial encounters between Europeans, Native Americans, and Africans that continued for nearly 300 years. This video examines how these contacts began the phenomenon now known as the Columbian Exchange, profoundly altering the way of life of peoples around the globe.

Grade Level: 
High
Professional
Length: 
00:28
Mapping Initial Encounters