World History

Homo Sapiens Versus Neanderthals

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Explore the origins of modern humans. Fossil evidence from Middle East caves and elsewhere has revealed some competitive advantages modern humans, known as Homo sapiens, are believed to have held over the more archaic human species, Neanderthals. For example, during the time in which the two species may have coexisted, Homo sapiens lived on high ground, from which they could survey the landscape and plan their hunting expeditions. Some scientists have theorized that the success of this strategy may have contributed to the demise of the valley-dwelling Neanderthals, who became extinct about 30,000 years ago. Adapted from NOVA.

This video is available in both English and Spanish audio, along with corresponding closed captions.

Hajj: Part II | Religion & Ethics Newsweekly

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Over two million Muslims from around the world travel to Mecca each year for the Islamic pilgrimage known as Hajj. How does this experience change their lives? This video from Religion & Ethics Newsweekly follows American Muslim Abdul Alim Mubarak as he experiences Hajj for the first time.

Botswana Today | Wide Angle

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Since gaining independence from Britain, the nation of Botswana has become one of Africa’s greatest success stories. It maintains one of the world’s fastest growing economies and a burgeoning democracy. Despite its success, Botswana is still plagued with a high rate of HIV infection and unemployment among its population. This video from the Wide Angle film "Border Jumpers" provides a look at the affluence and afflictions of Botswana today, with a focus on its efforts to stop illegal immigration from its poorer neighbor, Zimbabwe.

No More Tears Sister: Anatomy of Hope and Betrayal

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A story of love, revolution and betrayal, No More Tears Sister explores the price of truth in times of war. Set during the violent ethnic conflict that has enveloped Sri Lanka over decades, the film recreates the courageous and vibrant life of renowned human rights activist Dr. Rajani Thiranagama. Mother, anatomy professor, author and symbol of hope, Thiranagama's commitment to truth and human rights led to her assassination at the age of 35.

Censorship | Wide Angle: Window into Global History

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In the Middle East, programs that broadcast on international satellite have more freedom to pursue a broader range of topics than those broadcast on terrestrial state television. This greatly benefits some stations which have found that addressing thought-provoking issues earns their programs higher ratings. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Dishing Democracy," learn about how people who work behind the scenes on the MBC hit Kalam Nawaem achieve the balance between social mores and the popular appeal of provocative content. The segment also includes a discussion of the channel’s plans to extend Kalam Nawaem to new platforms.

Steven Pifer Interview | Wide Angle

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In its refusal to accept Chechnya’s independence, Russia has waged a long-standing war on the republic. In this video from the Wide Angle film "Greetings from Grozny," Former Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Steven Pifer shares the U.S. viewpoint on Russia’s war on Chechnya.

The Moving Parts of a Market | Wide Angle

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This video from Wide Angle: "The Market Maker" looks at the efforts of Ethiopian market reformers led by Eleni Gabre-Madhins to create an Ethiopian Commodities Exchange (ECX) in the capital city of Addis Ababa. It explains the basic role of an exchange, outlines its key elements, and describes the specific challenges faced by the reformers-the greatest of which is farmers' traditional attachment to archaic and inefficient modes of trade.

Remembered | Black Jack Pershing: Love and War

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The Doughboys are credited with winning the Great War. They were welcomed home as true heroes. Pershing was promoted to the rank of six star general. He is considered one of the architects of the modern army, with its ability to cross oceans and represent a truly global power. Pershing never forgot the soldiers who fought and died under him. He helped create and dedicate monuments in their honor.

The Amish: Shunned - "I Had to Give up Absolutely Everything"

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"I had been seeking God from the age of ten to the age of 41. Thirty years time. There was still that emptiness, and I came to the realization that there has to be more in life than what I am experiencing. There simply has to be more." A woman with dwarfism describes her questions and doubts about the Amish culture she was raised in during this excerpt from American Experience: "The Amish - Shunned."

The Female Workforce | Wide Angle

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The increase of women entering the workforce in Ireland has greatly benefited the economy, but it has also had an effect on the structure of the traditional Irish family. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Mixed Blessings," learn about the traditional roles of women in Ireland and their status today.

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